Pharmacists contribute to research, and
their expertise in formulation development
is of particular relevance to the biological
availability of active ingredients.
and Quality Assurance
The pharmacist's broad knowledge of the
pharmaceutical sciences ensures an integrated
approach to quality assurance (including
good manufacturing practice) through the
validation of the various stages of production
and the testing of products before release.
The World Health Organization recommends
and the statutory provisions in some countries
require that pharmacists hold certain positions
in the pharmaceutical manufacturing processes.
The key personnel that are responsible for
supervising the manufacture and quality
control of pharmaceutical products should
possess the qualifications of a scientific
education and practical experience required
by national legislation. Their education
should include the study of an appropriate
combination of the disciplines as shown
in Table?1. The table also explains the
relevance of the qualification of the aforesaid
key personnel to different curricula in
the undergraduate level of studies.
The World Health Organisation has also
recommended an organisational chart for
a low cost pharmaceutical formulation plant
(LCPP) in developing countries in their
technical document no: DPM/80.2. The organisational
chart clearly identifies the positions that
should be filled by the Pharmacists. The
aforesaid organisational chart is annexed
to this presentation
The pharmacist has the knowledge and expertise
to provide detailed information on medicines
to members of the health professions and
the public. Also, pharmacists provide an
information service within the company.
and Drug Registration
The pharmacist is ideally qualified to
understand and collate the diverse information
required for patent and authorisation submissions.
Trials and Post Marketing Surveillance
The pharmacist has the knowledge of drugs
and heath care provision required facilitating
collaboration between companies, health
professionals and governments in relation
to clinical trials and surveillance.
The pharmacist, whose professional ethics
demand a concern for the interest of patients,
can make a contribution to proper marketing
practices related to health care and to
the provision of appropriate information
to health professionals and the public.
The inclusion of pharmacists in all levels
of management promotes an ethical approach
within management policies.